Science and Culture

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This is an era of science. There is hardly any domain where science and technology do not play an important part. Whether it is on the food front or defence, in the matter of clothing or comfort, in the enjoyment of leisure or pastime, modern science and technology contribute to make man’s life more effective, fast and pleasant. Science has also entered into the world of art.
Science has been defined as a body of systematized knowledge as an object of study. It covers generally truths or the operation or general laws especially as obtained and tested through scientific methods. Culture is the act of developing the intellectual and moral faculties, especially by education. It brings enlightenment and excellence of taste acquired by ascetic training. Culture, when applied to society, implies the behavior typical or a group of class.
Modern science was born as a reaction against the dogmatism of the middle ages. It first invented the scientific methods of research. Then, it applied these methods to the phenomena o nature. Consequently science achieved wonderful results; the railway train, the telephone, the telegraph, the motor car, the cinema, the radio and the aeroplane, etc.,are the great achievements of modern science. Most of them were very useful as they were introduced into use. The scientists were greatly elated by these. Naturally, they thought that the knowledge of science was far superior to the knowledge of religion and morality. In their enthusiasm they forgot morality altogether. As a matter of fact, they defined the scientific temper in such terms as rendered the morality irrelevant. They maintained that the business of the scientist is to deal with only what is and what can be and not what “ought to be”. Thus, it was very natural that they should go on with the experiments in the name of truth without thinking of the consequence of their work.
However, science and technology stand for rationalization of man’s activities. Progress in science and technology is based on essential unalterable facts. Sentiments alone has no place in the scientific thinking. Even institution, which plays a great role in the formulation of scientific theory, is not easily accepted unless it can proved and justified in some way or the other. Scientific work demands a certain rigour in thinking, a respect for objectivity in the evaluation of facts. It trains the mind to make a clear, dispassionate and objective assessment of events and situations.
Thus, the scientific age has ushered in a number of new values and invincible optimism in attacking human problems, a rationalization of effort so as to obtain maximum efficiency, sense of sharing in the common tasks of mankind, in relieving human want and suffering and feeling of the brotherhood of man. These are all values that have become a part of traditions of an industrialized society and can, therefore, be called elements of true culture.
Science and Culture
Science and Culture
The irony of the present situation is that the protagonists of the two cultures- literary culture and scientific culture- have ceased to speak to each other in any effective way. Literary men like to pretend that the traditional culture is the whole of culture, as though the exploration of the natural order and science were of no interest either in their own values or in its consequences. They think as if scientific edifice of physical world in its intellectual depth, complexity and articulation, is the most beautiful and wonderful collective work of the mind in the man. On the other hand, many scientists have no use for the whole literature of traditional culture. It seems to them totally irrelevant to the real needs of man.
  The United Nations has established as one of its important wings called the UNESCO realizing the important role that science plays in the field of education and culture. Gone are the days when culture and refinement were monopoly of the few, privileged with money and power, luxury and leisure. Culture is now the property of masses all over the world and this boon has become possible only with the aid of science. Science has diversified and decentralized culture and made it the common media of international understanding.    
                      

Men Have Failed, Let Women Take Over

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According to Rabindranath Tagore “women is god’s best creation”. She adds beauty, grace and charm to every aspect of life. Sadly enough, she has been neglected and her virtues glossed over by the predominantly male society. To quote miss universe, 1994 SushmitaSen,“women in India have become more aware of their rights as individuals and are now opting for higher positions at work, at the same time being a perfect housewife at home. This, then, is the stage at which women have reached today- thanks to their struggle for equality and, more importantly, because of the situation we have landed  ourselves into with men at the helm of affairs.
Men Have Failed, Let Women Take Over

Prejudices against women occupying positions of leadership are fast disappearing and their traditional role of sex objects being rejected. The male- dominated milieu, be it social or political, is no longer gratifying. It is plagued with bloodshed, vengeance, envy and immorality. Communalism, fundamentalism, violence and tensions have made peace and harmony things of the past. The world is permeated by chaos today. Only the benign and elevating presence of women on the top can help bring in a semblance of order in the present situation. Emotional, affectionate, caring and yet firm, a women is the perennial source of inspiration for man in his odyssey of life. She can definitely free the present world of its gore and ugliness.
Women like Golda Meir, Indira Gandhi, Sirimavo Bandaranaike, Margret Thatcher and their ilk have left a permanent imprint on the history of the present century. In the past, women like Joan of Arc and Lakshmi Bai have proved the strength of their convictions. If women are allowed to take over today, the world would be a happier and better place to live in. they are no longer frail and untrustyworthy, and they have risen far above the domestic drudgery. They are educated and aware enough to deal with any situation competently.
Women are no longer lifeless, inanimate objects. They have struggled hard to establish an identity of their own. They are liberal and possess strength enough to dream of a brave, new world. They are fully capable of articulating their hopes and aspirations- whether it is a ruling a country, scaling Mount Everest, flying in space, or displaying effective managerial skills. It reminds one pf Lord Byron, who said,
                “There is a tide in the affairs of women,
                                 God knows nowhere!”
That take-off point has been reached now. In the present chaotic world, only women can handle the situation and it in a better and more systematic manner. Women must be allowed to express and their identity and actively participate in all spheres of activity.
   But, along with this, the educational level of all women must be upgraded. They must be made aware of their duties, rights and responsibilities. They must be given equal succession and property right under the law. We can no longer afford to dismiss remarks
Coming from a woman as, “oh, she is just a woman!” for this, all derogatory references to woman and glorification of their so-called virtues must be deleted from folklore. Superstition and myths about women must be tested on the touchstone of rationality and an equal status be accorded to them in society. Once this is done, The world will certainly be a better place to live in.   
     
     

Composition Culture

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India, our country, has for ages been known to the world for its rich cultural heritage, natural beauty, respect for life, higher values of life and spiritual attainments. It is acknowledged the world over the culture of India is very diverse, old, rich and all embracing. The superiority of India’s composite culture can be fully appreciated from the fact that this country has along been known in the whole world for its lofty values of life and peace-loving nature.
 The composite culture of our country is very rich and healthy because the traits of various religious and cults flourishing in this country side by side are prominently visible in its various aspects. This composite, culture is therefore, really said to be the soul of India- the life of the nation. 
Indian culture is a composite culture because here there is a protection and freedom of distinct identity even for religious and ethnic minorities. It is only in India that followers of any religion and denomination can profess, practice and propagate religion of their choice. It is all because of the secular character of Indian cultural strains flourishing side by side. No cultural or religious group can denominate any other cultural or religious group. We, the people of India must feel proud of having such a rich cultural heritage. Another important factor that has helped India to have its composite culture is the readiness of Indians to accept and adopt anything good coming from any direction. It is also because of the influence of our common social reformers who mentally prepared the people of this country to line together in peace and amity in spite of differences in beliefs and traditions.           

Golden Key of sucess

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                                             Golden Key of sucess
However, there are certain elements which are within his reach and on which success greatly depends. They comprise physical and mental abilities. The body must be fit to carry out fully what a man plans. Often well-planned schemes have failed on account of physical unfitness. Life is a bitter struggle and those who are physically weak cannot fight it. Intelligence is another quality which is essentially required for success. Mere physical strength without intelligence cannot carry a man very far.
       The next thing is mental fitness. This includes many virtues. First, he have a clear vision. This will enable him to hold before our mind, aim or purpose which he have capacity to realise. The life of divided aims exhausts his energy and tires him. He goes on from one scheme to another having faith in none and achieve nothing. Modern world is full of such failures. Steadiness and perseverance is another essence quality for success. Perseverance teaches him to be patient and plodding. In the world of nature as well as in the world of man, things grow by degree. Here progress is slow and steady. This is so because world is full of obstacles and these have to be overcome to reach the goal. There is no royal road to success. To fight with these impediments, patience and fortitude are required. He must go on with his work without haste, but this is possible if he can hold his soul in patience and proceed steadily and firmly keeping his goal in view.
        But clarity of vision and perseverance depend ultimately upon our character, which is the pivot on which the whole life turns. If character is not formed or where it is half-formed, men act by fits and starts, but never steadily. A man must have faith in his work, faith in his ability and control over his senses and faculties in order to work steadily. Right willing depends upon right thinking and right thinking upon right conduct. This is why character has been spoken of as crown and glory of life. 
                       It is the possession of greater or lesser degree of intelligence that decides who will lead and and who are able to led. The world is a place where the survival of the fittest is the law and fitness means as much physical fitness as mental alterness or intelligence. No doubt, there are other elements like honesty, truthfulness and presence of mind, but they are often to be found in a man of character. If he keep his body fit, his aim unclouded, if he possess perseverance, intelligence and character, he make his post a success.   

EMERGING GLOBAL ORDER: POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC

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EMERGING GLOBAL ORDER: POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC
The cold war came to an end in later 1991 with the disintegration of the soviet union. The unification of germany in Europe, the breaking up and subsequent chaos in the Balkans and east African states, formation of economic blocs like APEC, NAFTA, and the European Union have all been pointers to a unipolar world where the United States is the sole superpower on the scene. The political ideological identification with one power bloc or the other has been replaced by gravitating towards a new global economic order, stressing the inter-dependence of nations on one another. It received a shot in the arm with signing of the new GATT Treaty at Marrakesh on April 15,1994 by 125 nations, including india.
     While political integration may yet take a long time to materialize with the ongoing civil war in many countries like Yugosalvia, Afghanistan, yemen, Rwanda and several other nations, a new global economic order may be feasible in the near future. The economic compulsions, even for industrials giants like the United states, japan, and other G-7 members, may soon compel them to work towards an economic integration of the world while the United States calls the shots in the political arena, including the running of the United Nations through proxy.
        Trying to evolve an economic mechanism to integrate the world has been the major concern of GATT over the years. Now that it has been replaced by the world trade organisation, a new economic global order may soon become a reality. The only caution to be adopted would be that the poor, developing countries do not suffer and are not discriminated against by the rich, developed countries. If tariffs are to be lowered and trade barriers eliminated it must be done at all levels and for all countries. The concept of granting the most favoured nation status to one country is rank discrimination. Nor should a particular country, the united state has been doing of late, lay down its own trade laws and make others toe its line of action or thoughts in trade matters. The application of super 301 by the United States hangs like the proverbial sword of damocles. This must stop if a new economic global order is to be emerge in the next decade or so.
      In the political sphere also, the NATO Partnership for peace programme, initiated by the USA, has been widely welcomed. If the United States means well, it must elicit the cooperation of its former adversaries like Russia and east European nations towards making this programme a success. It is heartening to note that nations like hungary and Russia have joined it.
         If a political integration is to be achieved, the highly discriminatory nuclear non-proliferation treaty must also be revised to treat all nuclear-weapons states equally. The very fact that it is discriminatory has prevented india and several other nations from signing it. And no amount of pressure or arm-twisting has yielded any results so far. The strategic war initiative or star wars, launched by the United States, has failed. It should realize that the world now wants peace and work towards this goal if a new political order is to evolve in times to come. But it will have to follow-and not precede- the economic global order. Both political and economic integration cannot come about simultaneously.
       In the context of global scenario, the leaders of developing countries like india should not remain peeny-wise and pound-foolish in national and global politics. Rather it should engage in foregoing the closer interaction among the developing countries to set about the struggle in this global rat race competition. The G-15 countries should work in bringing better adherence and closer cooperation of the third world for restricting the UN security Council and other world bodies to reflect the changed scenario of the world.             

One world

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                                                  One world

The present generation lives under the international system based on the belief in the world unity, which will eventually enable the world to organize its affairs from the viewpoint of international peace. This is an important achievement of the twentieth century. The United Nations is endeavouring to prove this fact. This, however, does not mean, that political world unity already exists or that we can have anything like world government either immediately or in the near future. It, however does not mean that 185 nations subscribe to the principles enshrined in the united nations’ Charter which stipulates that all international problems must be dealt with peacefully through a common organization. These nations have in  writing, if not in spirit,renounced war and aggression. Vahue outlines of a possible world system have thus been dimly laid down. The United Nations, which is a symbol of this world system, is an institution which works splendidly to make the world system a success and to keep on improving upon it to the ultimate goal of world unity.
  The idea of one world is not new in the history. At least two conceptions of it have emerged from time to time. One is primarily religious. The belief that men are spiritual children of one god, destined in time to unite in a single fellowship under a common and generally accepted system of morals and values, was the driving force behind different religious movements-like Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, islam, or  Christianity. The second concept was secular, that of world empire. Many races and conquerors aspired to achieve it.
    The remarkable fact about the twentieth century is that in our times the assumption of division of the world among different nations is universally accepted. But it is held that this should someday be ended and an area of unity is not an impossible dream. But now men are increasingly inclined to the view that unless the dream of one world reaches a measure of fulfillment, there can be no viable basis of human life. There have been suggestions, although with different contents, of world confederation during this century. The forces compelling a growing degree of world unity are irresistible and they are moving with cataractal speeds. Governments may resist these forces for a time but, in doing so, they risk disruption or rather world’s ultimate annihilation.
       The most easily understandable force is the sheer shriinkage of the earth ,notin diameter, but by the speed of jet planes with which human beings move about now-a-days. Communtations have been imporved very fast .Men can , if they wish, communicate for many where to any where within a matter ofseconds .photographs of events in new delhi are telegraphrd at once to newspapers in the United states and other counteirs beyond the seven seas. The radio stations of most nationalcapitals pour forth a steady steam of broadcasts beamed to the people of all countries . all people , save the most primitive, livemore or less in the presence o0f each other and with a modicum of knowledge about each other .This knowledge  is all too littleans frequently not good . yet it is there. Ideas move equally fast.modern man’s capacity togive and distribute information is now unlimited.
Anthoer force, and the most effective, arises out of the sudden use of scientific knowledge.This has set in motion awhole wave of cognate currents.Perhaps the first of these currents was medical, the discovery that the spread of communicable diseases might be checked.Nations word together as germs and viruses are not deterred by fronties.Fundamental medical principles are universal.
They take little notice of races and religions and they have almost nothing to do with politics, nationalities or flags.Doctors talk more or less the same language the world over.They put an end to yellow fever and smallpox during the nineteenth century, brought pneumonia under control and conquered malaria. Recent achievements, including the transplantation of heart, kidney or other parts of human body, are matters of universal knowledge, demanding universal co-operation.
Science in other fields is also rapidly developing. Astronomy, mathematics, biology and other sciences are similar in all countries. When their principles are applied, it is generally felt that their application requires cooperation by many nations. Transmission of electrical impulses by radio, for example, giving rise to radio communications was rapidly expanded in second and third decades of this century. Thus, in 1927, rules were made for distribution of wavelengths, so that air could be used to mutual advantage without its becoming a vast confusion. Cairo convention assigned frequencies to various countries. Today telecommunication union is there as part of the United Nations.
  The United Nations also has other branches of international cooperation in different fields. UNESCO is designed to spread education and improve educational standards ; the World Health Organisation is designed to combate diseases on a world wide scale; the Food and Agriculture Organization deals with production and distribution of food in and to areas were hunger is a problem. The International Labour Organisation is designed to improve the condition of labour, provisions of adequate living wages, protection of workers against diseases and injury throughout the world. Thus gradually a set of international agencies dealing with problems of international nature has come into existence. Some of these can make worldwide decisions, though they may have no final authority. They can do this, because there are in some measure self-enforced.
  While the United Nations works within limitations, it does play an effective role in taking steps toward the world unity. Its Security Council is the standing committee of the five great powers, although now it has ten more countries on it, elected every two years. The General Assembly comprises an annual meeting of representatives of all the 185 nations, presently members of U.N.O. It is a sort of world annual congress and the decisions are taken by vote. In theory a vote of the General Assembly expresses the world opinion or rights or wrongs of any situations threatening a breach of the peace and of measures to be taken to restore peace or forestall possible wars.
   The prospect of rapproachment on major international issue between Great Powers greatly augments the purpose of world unity or ultimate world government. Already, for the first time in history nations, great and small, have convinced themselves against the possibility of military victories of previous ages. The omnidestructibility of any future war is an effective deterrent against its outbreak. At the most, the world can be held to a serious of “little” or “limited” wars which will not spread. To risk any bigger war means to risk extension of human race. To maintain life means to move towards a system of global peace and order. To achieve this, there has been a slow and steady, though disorderly and unsatisfactory, but nevertheless viable progress towards the creation of a world order.
   In this atomic era, war has become useless as an instrument of resolving differences between nations, because atom bomb has obliterated the formerly valid distinction between the combatants and non-combatants, front and the rear, victor and the vanquished. As the fear of war rows and man realizes the urgency of a stable peace co-existence and shed their nationalistic jealousy, fear and aspirations to a great extent. Once this begins, the dream of a ‘World State’ will cease to be a dream and become reality.    

FUTURE OF DEMOCRACY IN INDIA

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Democracy is more a way of life than a form of government. Defined by Abraham Lincoln as the government “of the people, for the people, by the people”, democracy is a form of government in which the sovereign power is in the hands of the people and is exercised by them directly or indirectly through their representatives. In a democratic form of government which we in India have adopted, each citizen, irrespective of caste, creed, sex or religion gets full opportunity for expressing his will and for developing his personality. He is assured justice- both social and economic.
India has been described as the largest democracy in the world with a population of over 127crore. However, it lags behind in many respects. It is a crying shame that nearly 30% of our people are still living below the poverty line even after about five decades of independence. There must be something wrong in our democratic system where the majority of the electorate wielding real power live and die in abject poverty, are malnourished, uneducated and unemployed. The hungry man is periodically to choose between the ballot and his daily bread; given a choice, he would any day prefer the latter. We may claim from rooftops that the country has achieved stupendous progress in agricultural and industrial spheres. But the fruits of this progress have been monopolized by only a handful and it is a fact that, with each passing year, the rich have become richer and the poor have become poorer. This lopsided distribution of wealth has generated cynicism among the people-a protent signal that poses a threat to our democracy.
For the proper working of democracy, there should be a healthy opposition, educated electorate, independent judiciary, free press and, above all, unimpeacheable moral integrity. Does the Indian democracy possess all these essential attributes. The answer, unfortunately, is in the negative.
But, to our credit, it must be said that we have had ten general elections so far and have had a fairly representatives government as well as a viable opposition. Democratic values, enshrined in our constitution, are our beacon light and our leaders follow them to the best of their ability within the given constraints of economic, ethnic, religious and cultural diversity as well as their political considerations. In this sense, the future of democracy in India is very bright. Most post Second World War nations, that attained independence almost at the same time as india, have either become dictatorships or are under material law or have simply degenerated into anarchies. There is hardly any semblance of democracy in most of the third world nations today.
It is, however, a crying shame that we still fight over cast, color, creed or narrow sectarian considerations. In a secular country, with no official religions, communalism raises its hydra head time and gain with the result that people lose allsence of values in getting at one another’s throats. A new dimension has recently been added to the destabilization process of the world’s biggest democracy in the form of terrorism, which has now entered the hi-tech era. This must be stopped forthwith and all our energies be channelized towards nation building activites. We must all gear ourselves to work for the amelioration of the lot of our people suffering from grinding poverty that has become their destiny from the cradle to the grave.
In order to remove or at least reduce poverty, we must ensure adequate education and means of livelihood to all able-bodied citizens. Once this is done, india will be in the forefront of developed nations with an enviable growth rate and a stable economy. Along with it shall come other benefits of development and progress like education, healthcare, old-age homes, full or near- full employment, etc. in this pursuit of industrial and material progress, however, we must not lose sight of the latest advances in agriculture, for India is predominantly an agricultural country.  


    Orthodox democracy has proved itself unequal to the exigencies of India. The problem is to modify the traditional institutions of democracy to suit the present day conditions. The inefficiency of democracy first became noticeable in its economic aspect. One of the most important problems for democracy in India, therefore, is to manage economic system in such a way as to ensure for everybody a reasonable standard of living coupled with a reasonable amount of security and liberty.

Politics, Business and Bureaucracy- A Fatal Triangle

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Politics, Business and Bureaucracy-  A Fatal Triangle
The world today is caught in the web of politics, business and bureaucracy (PBB). This PBB is really a fatal triangle. Politicians rely on big business for funds to contest elections. On their part, businessmen turn to bureaucracy to condone their misdeeds by seeking loopholes in the existing law. Bureaucrats advice politicians and businessmen on matters which are ostensibly outside their domain. When all these three indispensable ingredients of society are in tandem, corruption sets in; it seeps into the vitals of a society or a nation. In that event, nothing can save it from disintegration and ultimate decay. 
This happened in ancient Rome and is increasingly evident in many parts of the world today. Governments have been toppled in Japan and Italy with alarming regularity in the recent past on charges of corruption. In India and the rest of the third world countries, however, it has become a way of life. And, what is worse, it has come to be accepted by the masses as the sole mode of running an administration. The recently-published Vohra Committee reports on the politician-criminal nexus and the efforts of crusaders like Kiranbedi and Khairnar to arouse the people to the fatal PBB triangle are mere ripples in stagnant waters. We have become so immune to the goings-on in the higher echelons of democracy that we cannot think beyond what exists today. The politician-business- bureaucracy triangle is fast eating into the vitals of the nation. People’s welfare is the least of their concern.  In a democracy like India, the PBB relationship is endless, no matter whatever official policy is adopted. Modern polity is ruled by this unholy trinity comprising politics, business and bureaucracy. Each of these is trying to assert its supremacy over the other two. At times, politicians call the shots, which is unusually after they have won an election with generous help from the uncounted wealth of big business who, in turn, are helped by the bureaucracy. It has become a chain reaction today and the conflict cannot be reasonably resolved to the advantage of one or another.
     The ideal situation, however, is when politics, business and bureaucracy work for the general good. But this is a lofty ideal, honoured more in breach than in promise. Politicians lay down the laws, bureaucrats implement them. But this is generally done for the benefit of business tycoons, who are the benefactors of the politicians and the bureaucrats. In reality, big business calls the shots in this unholy trinity. This is, indeed, a fatal triangle. This also explains why the rich are getting richer and the poor are increasingly poor with each passing day.   
Although politicians may swear by the law, the poor have hardly any access to bureaucracy or business or law courts. Poll time promises made to them always remain on paper because the politicians are too busy recompensing their business bosses for help during the elections. The bureaucrats, most of the time, are too happy carrying out the orders and wishes of the politicians because it is in their own long-term interest; they also feather their own nests at the expenses of the poor of the land. Corruption is, thus, institutionalized.


It is, therefore, rightly remarked that politics, business, and bureaucracy are a fatal triangle that may sound the death knell of our democracy unless people read the writing on the wall and act accordingly, to wipe out this evil. 

My wining entry

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   HOW TECHNOLOGY HAS IMPROVED OUR LIVES
Through the years, we've watched technology grow like a child budding into adulthood: It starts out mostly crying and pooping, then crawling, gradually learning to walk, and finally able to run at a speed we all wish we could keep up with. We've seen technology fail, and we've seen it succeed. We've poked fun at it when it doesn't make sense, and we've praised it when it's absolutely brilliant. We've yelled at it when it runs out of power, and we've fixed or replaced it when it gets run down.
We treat technology as a family member—even if that is a little co-dependent. You can't blame us, though; it's certainly made aspects of our lives easier: We're no longer forced to send letters through the postal service, book vacations through travel agents, shop in stores, visit the library for research material, or wait for our photos to be developed. Thanks to technology, all of these activities can be performed either digitally or online.
At the same time, though, technology can make life more convoluted—especially when something doesn't work right or doesn't do what it's supposed to: Say, for instance, a GPS device tells you to turn the wrong way on a one-way street (yikes!), or a computer erases all of your important data (ouch!).
Unfortunately, it's not always easy to understand how a product or service works, not to mention whether or not to hold off on adopting it until a better, shinier thing comes along. A perfect example is the ever-evolving video format. We've gone from Betamax to VHS to DVD to HD DVD/Blu-ray to just Blu-ray (and everything in-between, of course). It can take years before a technology catches on, and even more time before we see a significant price drop.
For the most part, however, technology does us more good than harm: It's reconnected us with old college roommates, helped us learn a foreign language, and encouraged us to exercise. Follow us as we look back at how technology has changed our lives—for the better and for the worse—in terms of communication, computing, dining, entertainment, and travel. The development and improvement of technology has greatly improved our lives. It has led to a far better, easier and very comfortable life for the people. There are various ways through which technology has changed our lives and this includes the following:
The rise of the Internet technology  has improved our daily lives in very many ways. The world business and trade has become very fast, easier and more reliable. You can now transact business with a person who is very far from you without any difficulties. It has become easier to book railway tickets, bus tickets and even flights at the comforts of your home without having to move. The payment of bills and other accounts related jobs of every business entity is easily managed by the available online facilities. Financial institutions and banks have introduced online internet systems which makes life easier. The introduction of ATMs has made it very possible to withdraw money at anytime of the day. Also it has become easy to advertise through the internet and thereby promoting the business in a faster way.



Three P's of problem

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Poverty is that awesome spouse
Of illiteracy, which is the cause
To most of the heinous crimes
From militancy to purloin.
Population is trekking new heights
Dilating every day and night
Resources are being channelized
In feeding and the biased.
Pollution- the conflagrating solicit
not to be taken in demeanor placid
much cause lies in deforestation
and none is the benefit of mere accusations.
Something really has to be done
To turn progress into a fun
If three p’s are licensed to reach far
Very soon they will become afear.

Rag pickers of india

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The rag pickers of India present a pitiable sight. It is poverty that goads them to resort rag picking. Day in and day out they may be seen on the roads, the lanes and the bylanes of a city or town looking for cast-off clothes or something else showy or shoddy that may sell. More often that not, it is children who have taken to rag picking. But some young men and women are also forced to take up the showy trade to make both ends meet. Why should innocent children who should be at school at this age do this filthy job? It is because their parents are often too poor to support them. So they neglect them and abandon them to face the cruel world on their own.

Increasing prospects in tourism.

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                    Increasing prospects in tourism. 

  India, as a country, offers diversity in its unity not only in the matter of tribes, communities, religions, ways of life but also in the form of historical sites, geographical diversities, climatic differences and many more. India offers a great scope for tourism. It has a vast variety and a great potential for tourist attraction. The Tourism Ministry has launched various schemes to promote tourism in the country because India is famous for its diverse topology, cultures, religions, customs, natural wonders, historical buildings and above all destination for spiritual upliftment. Scholars visit here to enrich their knowledge of arts, religion, philosophy, spiritually and history of India. Thus, India is a paradise for the tourists as it  is the abode of gods, the land of all seasons and various festivals.

A HOPE AND A LOST OF A TEENAGED STUDENT

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Full forms of student
s- superfast in work
t- talented in class
u- understand everything in class
d- decide firmly
e- excellent performance
n- neat in work
t- tamed by teachers
I AM LOST
In search of love my hope is lost.
In search of hope, my will is lost.
In search of will, my direction is lost.
In search of direction, I am lost.

Importance of education

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                                Importance of education

                           1. An essential human virtue-Education is an essential human virtue. Man becomes 'man' through education. He is what education makes him. It has been rightly said that without education, man is a splendid slave, reasoning savage.
2. A necessity for society-Education is necessary for society. Education fashions and models man for society. Man cannot be conceived merely in terms of his biological existence. Education brings into focus the social aspect of man. Education signifies man's supreme position in society.
3. Important for the integration of separate entities-An individual is made up of different entities. Education brings about the integration of these separate entities.
4. Gives significance of life-Education teaches what man lives and struggles for. It cultivates an integrated life. By so doing, it gives significance of life.
5. Educated men are superior-Education is a sign of superiority. Aristotle wrote, "Educated men are as much superior to uneducated as the living are to the dead."
6. Sign of freedom-Education is a sign of freedom. Epictetus had declared, "Only the educated are free."
7. A controlling grace-Diogenes felt that "Education is a controlling grace to the young, consolation to the old wealth to the poor and ornament to the rich."
8. Basis of good life-Education is an essential basis of good life. A man becomes a human being in the real sense when he is transformed from primarily an animal being into a human being.
In short, education is an essential concomitant of all human societies. "What sculpture is to a block of marble, education is to the soul", says Addison.

HOW DO I SEE MATHEMATICS

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Mathematics – the part of my life which brings me a lot of enjoyment and energy to compete in various spheres.
It helps to raised my soul in our society. Its calculation section is a type of thrill that can be essence done in few seconds however it’s not matter, right or wrong.
In boring time I would like to playing with squaring of numbers.
Its geometrical part is always tough for me. Since childhood till my present, I never learnt how to draw a straight line by using scale but with a lot of practice about 4 to 5 times, finally am able to hit boundaries in this section during my examination .
The Mathematics increased my name, fame and impression in my school during my childhood when I scored full out of full and I was awarded for it.
I always try to keen my interest in mathematics. But I also two different opinions(people) in mathematics.
First,who take mathematics as a burden. They always think tocross atleast the cutoff marks.But they never undestand howis it important for us. It doesn’t only give us employment although it also give us a new eyes to see the world.
Second one, who are always topper in their classes they study maths to become topper or secure good marks. They never realizes the curosity of mathematics.
It is a way to gives fast mode of your brain through which you can easily cross any hinderance in your common life.
Mathematicans are as like firefly who always reflect light in any part of the universe even from dark. They always leave a mark before leaving any place or any field(i.e. sport, business, study,etc). A word is always moving along their shadow i.e. try till destination (success).
Mathematics never depends upon age and stage otherwise it always directly proportional to the practice of a student. Real mathematics is not result of a day, it takes over a long time to control on it.
People saw zero as a null but mathematican knows this null makes him as a gaint bull in his society. Finally, I think it is a mental revolution.               

INSPIRATIONAL SUCESSFUL REAL STORIES

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                             #### A Software engineer 
BEFORE: 
In the middle of 2009, he was the software engineer that no one wanted to hire. Despite a dozen years of experience at Yahoo and Apple  Computer, he got turned down by two of the internet’s most upcoming companies at the time. First Twitter, and then Facebook. 
AFTER: 
When he could not find any other company that would hire him, he teamed up with another Yahoo alum, Jan Koum, and built the application that has not only dominated cloud-based messaging, but is also used all over the world. Yes, this person is none other than Brian Acton, who developed Whatsapp. Whatsapp was acquired by Facebook in 2014 for about $19 billion USD in cash and stock, making Acton’s net worth around $3.8 billion.

                                     **** An Author
BEFORE:
This woman needs no introduction. Her books have sold more than 400 million copies worldwide. But there was a time in her life when she was diagnosed with clinical depression and contemplated suicide. Her marriage had failed, and she was jobless with a dependent child. She signed up for government aid ( she was so poor, she could not afford to support herself and her daughter), describing her economic status as being “poor as it is possible to be in modern Britain, without being homeless.”
In 1990, while she was on a four-hour-delayed train trip from Manchester to London, the idea for a story of a young boy attending a school of wizardry “came fully formed” into her mind. In 1995, she finished the manuscript of her first book on an old manual typewriter. The book was submitted to twelve publishing houses, all of which rejected the manuscript. Editor Barry Cunningham from Bloomsbury advised her to get a day job since she had little chance of making money from writing children’s books.

AFTER:
Today, she is United Kingdom’s best-selling living author, with an estimated fortune of £560 million, ranking her as the twelfth richest woman in the UK. She is none other than J.K Rowling – the creator of the Harry Potter series. Saying that the Harry Potter franchise was and is a success would be an understatement.



                      Feeling inspired? Just remember: Nothing is impossible. 

Contentment holds the key to peace

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Haven't you ever wished that you were living the life of someone else? Haven't you ever wished that you were smarter, born into a richer family, and had opportunities and things that you don't have at the present?

I have.
I have to admit that I have wished for such things in the past. And whenever I have thought like that, my mind has not been at peace. I have felt restless and discontented.
Discontentment leads to greed. When you're dissatisfied with what you have, you begin to yearn for the possessions of others and devise dubious ways of acquiring them. And the first thing such an action does is to shatter the peace in our minds and hearts, because deep inside, a voice is continuously reminding us, "You are wrong! You are at Fault!"
I live in a part of India which, in the summer of 2013, witnessed a never-before-happened catastrophe when a lake in the high Himalayas burst due to several days of incessant rains. As the mountain of swirling waters gushed down, they swept away anything and everything that stood in their way―vehicles, homes, shops and even bridges.
After the killing waters receded and normalcy returned, I realized that our little town was not the same as it was before. It was a collage of broken homes, battered lives and shattered structures.
Thankfully our house was unharmed and everyone in our locality was safe.
This incident has made me see life in a new light and realize the real value of things which I had till then taken for granted. I understood how important it is to value the present and be at peace with what we have instead of pining for newer and better things. To quote Fredrick Keonig, "We tend to forget that happiness and peace do not come as a result of getting something we don't have but rather of recognizing and appreciating what we do have."
Today when I sweep my house, a chore which I earlier hated to do, I feel grateful to God to let me have what I have and the chance to take care of it. What once seemed boring is now a boon.
Contentment holds the real key to peace, and to cultivate contentment, we need to connect to our inner voice and listen to what it has to say.
Whether one meditates, prays, or listens to the songs of nature, we need to allow ourselves some time to hear what is in our hearts―listen to our inner voice, the voice of our soul. Connecting with my inner voice makes me better equipped to deal with the world outside cheerfully and in a calm manner.
My inner voice tells me many things. It guides me through the twists and turns of life. It is like a reliable compass that makes its presence felt the very moment I am able to switch off the noisy, distracting, chaotic, sounds around me. Connecting to my inner voice is akin to taking a dip in an ocean of positivity and peace.
Of course, I have to admit that not all the time I am positivity and peace personified. As is expected of a child of my age, I have a full and often chaotic life crammed with various activities and chores. But, with a few conscious adjustments, I have discovered how to stay connected to my inner self and revel in contentment and peace.
After the 2013 catastrophe, I know things can change anytime, but as of today I am totally at peace with myself and everything around me.
Every day, as I wake up and watch the sun inch up above the horizon, my inner voice reminds me, "Living life is the biggest project you will ever undertake and it is worthwhile to live it properly. There is no end to craving and only contentment alone can lead you to happiness and peace. "
                                                                  BY-  Udayan Saha








SHARE PEACE

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As a young person in today’s society I feel world peace is possible in our lifetime. The challenges we face have always been the same; racism, inequality, discrimination, and poverty these are part of our story.
The difference today there are many people standing up for their rights. Knowing we are all connected my success is influenced by others and when they suffer it will affect me too. The world has gotten smaller in many ways. You can get on a plane and go anywhere in the world in less than a day. You can go onto the internet and connect with different people from around the world in a instant. Yet with all the advances we have also become disconnected and have lost ourselves in a world where what you wear and how much you have is more important than your character and values.
There are wonderful role models all through history. People that had the courage to stand up to tyranny and faced incredible odds. Children like Anne Frank who believed in the goodness and humanity in people until her life was taken by the system that did not even see her as a person. Nkosi Johnson a young boy from our own country who knew that his HIV-status did not make him less than any other child and believed every child deserves equal opportunity. Laura Bridgeman who became the first deaf, blind person to be properly educated. Malala Yousafza who defied the Taliban and demanded that girls receive the same education as boys.
There have always been bullies, tyrants those that believe they are better, they deserve more. Every day around the world there are the Anne Franks, Nkosi Johnson, Laura Bridgeman’s and Malala’s standing up for their rights and less fortunate, underprivileged, those without voices the unseen but today the heroes outnumber the villains.
I myself am a young boy with a disability, the only one in my family. Yet they accept me knowing I am capable of anything. We have an opportunity to change the world. By accepting our ownselves, our differences, our imperfections, our shortcomings, we will be able to accept others, their differences, their imperfection and their shortcoming.
In Greek Mythology there is Pandora who opened a jar and every disease and evil came out into the world. After all the things left the jar, the only one left was hope. I believe that is our world today. Filled with all kinds of evil and war. Yet there is hope, there will always be hope. Someone said; “Evil triumphs when good men do nothing.” In today’s world there are too many of us that will do something and stand up.
We are more especially the youth because they are the future. Ensuring the evils of the past are not repeated, and to make our tomorrow better than our today. Nelson Mandela said, “Be the change you want to see in the world”.


                                                 by-JOEL GREEK

SMART CITY

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Remarkable step of incredible india. A hope that blossoms our life. Recently…. Our honourable pm launched smart city-a program i.e. a boon for undeveloped cities.
I think our future is undoubtedly smart- smart homes, smart cars, smart cities. And as technology takes over repetitive, labourious work, the nation that lead the future will be the ones that place  a premium on what robots cannot do- human intelligence, human creativity. Tomorrow’s leader will be the one with the smartest people.
The food we eat, the air we breathe, the water we drink, the area we live in, all determine how smart we can be. Studies have shown that children who are undernourished often donot achieve their full potential height for age(stunting) and weight.
They also do not achieve their full cognitive potential. Children cannot achieve their full height due to restricted nutrient supply for growth. This restricted supply also leads to functional damage to the brain, probably irreversibly.
The environment we live in plays its part. Frequent enteric infections, which could be due to lack of hygiene or sanitation, affect the gut’s ability to absorb nutrients. So even if the child has nutritious food, the body won’t able to absorb that nutrition.
In a sense, a child’s height on his or her second birthday could be a predictor of ‘’human capital’’. Poverty, crowded living conditions and lack of sanitation all increase in risk of diarrhea in children. So the success of swachh bharat campaign is essential not just for a cleaner india, but also for a smarter india.
The air we breathe is also preventing young people in india from achieving their full potential. Much concern has been expressed about sufficient jobs not being created for india’s youth cohort. Jobs alone are not the answer. Policy makers need to ensure young people in turn have the ability to meet the needs of the jobs of future. Investments in health, environment and its determinants – the social sector- the therefore, need to be priority.
I also to live in a smart city, i.e. free pollution, free diseases,etc. if you begin to  had understand it is not a project of your government while it is your dream city, the output will amazing.                                                            

                                                                                      Source-supriya bezbaruah (public health expert)

MY SCHOOL LIFE

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                              MY SCHOOL LIFE 
 Resolutions that I never followed during my school period age.
     To create separate identity.
Never be jealous with other’s success.
Never compromise to do the label best.
To maintain positive attitude.
To get experience for everything happen to recognize the many different perspectives in life.
To turn the joy and woe into opportunity.
To evaluate importanc of a real friend.
To struggle for better existence and prosperity.
Not to blame other but to be self analytical.
Not to worry about other’s though.

PLEASEANT WORDS

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“Life begins with a magic and ends with a magic too; It depends on you, what magical you do”
                                  -By a society loser  

Digital Creativity: Culture Reimagined

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                                Digital Creativity: Culture Reimagined  
                          Abstract
India, our country, has for ages been known to the world for its rich cultural heritage, natural beauty, respect for life, higher values of life and spiritual attainments. It is acknowledged the world over the culture of India is very diverse, old, rich and all embracing. The superiority of India’s composite culture can be fully appreciated from the fact that this country has along been known in the whole world for its lofty values of life and peace-loving nature.
This is an era of science. There is hardly any domain where science and technology do not play an important part. Whether it is on the food front or defence, in the matter of clothing or comfort, in the enjoyment of leisure or pastime, modern science and technology contribute to make man’s life more effective, fast and pleasant. Science has also entered into the world of art.
 India, our country, has for ages been known to the world for its rich cultural heritage, natural beauty, respect for life, higher values of life and spiritual attainments. It is acknowledged the world over the culture of India is very diverse, old, rich and all embracing. The superiority of India’s composite culture can be fully appreciated from the fact that this country has along been known in the whole world for its lofty values of life and peace-loving nature.

 The composite culture of our country is very rich and healthy because the traits of various religious and cults flourishing in this country side by side are prominently visible in its various aspects. This composite, culture is therefore, really said to be the soul of India- the life of the nation.

Indian culture is a composite culture because here there is a protection and freedom of distinct identity even for religious and ethnic minorities. It is only in India that followers of any religion and
denomination can profess, practice and propagate religion of their choice. It is all because of the secular character of Indian cultural strains flourishing side by side. No cultural or religious group can denominate any other cultural or religious group. We, the people of India must feel proud of having such a rich cultural heritage. Another important factor that has helped India to have its composite culture is the readiness of Indians to accept and adopt anything good coming from any direction. It is also because of the influence of our common social reformers who mentally prepared the people of this country to line together in peace and amity in spite of differences in beliefs and traditions.       

This is an era of science. There is hardly any domain where science and technology do not play an important part. Whether it is on the food front or defence, in the matter of clothing or comfort, in the enjoyment of leisure or pastime, modern science and technology contribute to make man’s life more effective, fast and pleasant. Science has also entered into the world of art.

Science has been defined as a body of systematized knowledge as an object of study. It covers generally truths or the operation or general laws especially as obtained and tested through scientific methods. Culture is the act of developing the intellectual and moral faculties, especially by education. It brings enlightenment and excellence of taste acquired by ascetic training. Culture, when applied to society, implies the behavior typical or a group of class.

Modern science was born as a reaction against the dogmatism of the middle ages. It first invented the scientific methods of research. Then, it applied these methods to the phenomena o nature.
Consequently science achieved wonderful results; the railway train, the telephone, the telegraph, the motor car, the cinema, the radio and the aeroplane, etc.,are the great achievements of modern science. Most of them were very useful as they were introduced into use. The scientists were greatly elated by these. Naturally, they thought that the knowledge of science was far superior to the knowledge of religion and morality. In their enthusiasm they forgot morality altogether. As a matter of fact, they defined the scientific temper in such terms as rendered the morality irrelevant. They maintained that the business of the scientist is to deal with only what is and what can be and not what “ought to be”. Thus, it was very natural that they should go on with the experiments in the name of truth without thinking of the consequence of their work.

 However, science and technology stand for rationalization of man’s activities. Progress in science and technology is based on essential unalterable facts. Sentiments alone has no place in the scientific thinking. Even institution, which plays a great role in the formulation of scientific theory, is not easily accepted unless it can proved and justified in some way or the other. Scientific work demands a certain rigour in thinking, a respect for objectivity in the evaluation of facts. It trains the mind to make a c

Sandip Maheshwari

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                                                      Sandip Maheshwari
Sandeep Maheshwari is a name among millions of people who went ahead in search of success, happiness and satisfaction, failed and proceeded. Like any other middle class boy, he also had a bunch of obscure dreams and had a blurry vision of his goals in life. It was an unforgettable learning attitude to catch everything. Rowing through the ups and downs, it was time to teach him the true meaning of his life.

And once it came to know, he was continuously resigning from his comfort zone and to share the secret of his success with the whole world. It is very urgent to help people and do something good for the society who motivated them to take initiatives to change people's lives in the form of a "Free Life-Change Seminar and Session".

No wonder people join with him and his mission of sharing is now being actively promoted and it is being practiced by millions. It is his hard work, his family has great support and his team has faith that keeps him.
the starting point
His family was in Aluminum business, which collapsed and was up to fill this important time of need. And as expected by any young boy, he started doing everything he could. By joining a multi level marketing company for manufacturing and marketing of home products. He did not leave any stone.

During this phase, he discovered interest and need beyond any formal education. Therefore, instead of being a brilliant student, he opted to exit Kiroriimal College in Delhi in the third year of BCom. Instead, they started to study another interesting topic. Life is called a subject.

Skintilling modeling attracted the world, he started his career as a model at the age of 19. Given the harassment and exploitation experienced by the model, some of them went away. And this was the turning point when she decided to help countless conflict models. With a mission within, he started small. A 2-week course in photography and there he was a dime-a dozen photographer with an elephant camera. nothing has changed. Moving forward with the burning desire to change the modeling world, he established his own company under the name of Mash Audio Visual Private. Ltd. and started making the portfolio.

After this, in the year 2002, he started a company with his three friends, which was closed within six months. But Sandeep's mind was still open. With the concept of "sharing" in his heart, he explained his full experience in marketing on an upside down book. She was only 21 years old.

This was 2003. He scored a world record by taking over 10,000 shots of 122 models in just 10 hours and 45 minutes, making a world record. But as expected, he did not stop. Their focus was not diluted by glamor and temporary simulation. Instead, it promoted its innate desire to pursue the modeling world. At the age of 26, he launched the image market. The year was 2006. Due to not being large-scale setup, they took the task of multi-activity. Being a counselor, a tele-collar and a photographer, they carried their way forward. And today, ImageBaze is the world's largest collection of images with more than 45 million images and more than 7000 customers in 45 countries.

Sandeep has brought this paradigm shift in the modeling world alone. Countless models have been launched successfully with words like exploitation and harassment at large scale.

It was a life-changing effort, which made him one of India's most famous entrepreneurs at the age of 29. Their ethics reiterates some philosophers like "Never Fear of Donors" and "Being Self-Sued for Others" and others.

Apart from being a successful entrepreneur, he is a guide, a consultant, an ideal model and a young icon for millions of people around the world. People love and worship them for their great mission so that all people can believe in them and help people make their life 'asana' (easy).

His incredible faith in divine power gives him the strength to grow. Being at the top of success, it is amazing to know that money does not let him woo. And this is why, the benefits do not run their organization. It is an emotional bond with every person working for the company, which is important for him.

Able to build a whole new industry or organization, he is satisfied with following his own built benchmark, which states, "If you have more and more needs, then just share it with those whose The most needed is ".

Compared to another person of his age and height, with a completely different aura, he got up from the rat race and broke with the old myth of 'life is tough' with his simple mantra 'Asan Hai'.

And many of the ground breaking realities such as 'money increases on trees', 'success is not about hard work' and most interesting is "easy to say but easy to do".

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